AULA, roč. 19/2011, č. 2
Editorial (Alice Červinková, Hana Tenglerová)
Marcela Linková: Genderová rovnost v evropské vědní politice: politická ekonomie strukturální změny
Abstract: European science policy turned its attention to gender equality at the end of the 20th century, influencing to a smaller or greater extent three Framework Programmes supporting
European research and technological development (the fifth, sixth and seventh). Gender equality is also an important component of the current negotiations of the next framework programme titled Horizon 2002 for the period 2013-2020. In this paper I analyse European policies of gender equality in science between 2008 and 2011. I ask what sort of gender equality can be enacted within the existing boundaries of political imaginary which places emphasis on the neoliberal values of growth, especially economic growth, European competitiveness, management of human resources, especially women, and scientific excellence. Building on Linkova and Červinkova (2011), I analyze gender equality in
science as an object ‘women and science’ which is enacted in interactions of various actors. These actors employ various modes of matter-ing (Law 1994) when enacting their objects
‘women and science’ depending on the values, facts and power positions they hold. In my analyses I build on the methodologies of sciences studies, concretely John Law’s ‘modes of
matter-ing’, and I analyse relevant documents of European science policies, including recommendations, communications, expert reports, green papers etc.
Marta Vohlídalová: „Kdybych o tom mluvila, asi bych to nenazvala sexuálním obtěžováním.“ Sexuální obtěžování ve vysokoškolském prostředí z perspektivy studujících
Abstract: The paper is based on the analysis of quantitative and qualitative data from the research into sexual harassment in a higher education in the CR and discusses the causes of the
gap between the high prevalence rates of sexual harassment and a low proportion of students who label their experience with a certain types of sexualized or sexist conduct as sexual
harassment. The analysis showed that students feel a high degree of uncertainty concerning the definition of sexual harassment and they tend to reduce sexual harassment only
to physical form of harassment. While, towards the “softer” forms of (gendered) harassment they remain tolerant. The article concludes that this uncertainty and tolerance has a few main reasons, among them the absence of university policies that would tackle this problem, and negative attitudes of the Czech public to gender issues.
Irena Smetáčková, Petr Pavlík: Sexuální a genderové obtěžování jako projev pedagogické ne-profesionality
Abstract: In the paper we discuss sexual harassment in school environment in connection with requirement of teacher professionalism. Using results of two studies that explored experiences
and attitudes of university and high-school students regarding sexual harassment we show limits of teachers’ reflexivity of sexual harassment and postulate a requirement of
increased reflexivity on the part of the teachers. Capacity to reflect one’s own behavior and assumptions is an attribute of pedagogical professionalism whereas a precondition of reflection is specific theoretical knowledge. That is why we discuss a current dominant conceptualization of sexual harassment building on the gender perspective. We show its position vis-a-vie other explanatory models and suggests their possible consequences for understanding teacher’s professionalism.
Zprávy z výzkumu
Kateřina Cidlinská: Mentoringový program pro studentky středních škol se zájmem o technické obory
Abstract: Czech higher education and science show strong horizontal gender segregation – men and women are concentrated in different fields. Fields with the lowest representation of women are technical sciences and engineering. Recently, the efforts to make these fields more attractive to women are beginning to appear. One of them is a mentoring program of the National Contact Centre for Women and Science (the Institute of Sociology of the Academy of Sciences) for secondary school students who consider university studies of technical sciences and engineering. The aim of the program is to introduce high school students the technical fields in general, to remove their concerns about studying these fields, to help them define an interest in the particular field and facilitate their transition between high school and
university. This report presents the concept of mentoring, its basic types, mentoring as a tool to support women in nontraditional fields and in this context introduces the mentoring
program of the National Contact Centre for Women and science – its history, design and evaluation of its participants.
Marie Bahenská: Matriky vědeckých hodností a jejich zpracování v Masarykově ústavu a Archivu AV ČR
Abstract: Masaryk's Institute and Archives of AS CR devotes problems the position of women in the science several years. This project counted on using of personal funds (Milada Paulova, Albina Dratvova, Alena Lengerova) and of funds of precursor's AS CR (the Royal Czech Society of Sciences, Czech Academy of Sciences and Arts). Results are studies and monographs dedicated women-scholars. The research women's career is the part of the incipient database. This database procees from files of Council for Sciences AS CR (Defences
of dessertations 1955–2001). The files contain the vocational and personal data about aspirants to degrees CSc. and DrSc. Currently it's in motion conversion in the electronic form,
The final aim is, to create the database, that makes possible searching for data about scientific degrees in CSSR and CR.
Leathwood, Carole; Read, Barbara. Gender and the changing face of higher education. A feminized future? (Alena Ortenová)
Gender differences at critical transitions in the careers of science, engineering, and mathematics faculty. (Hana Tenglerová)
Lucie Jarkovská, Kateřina Lišková, Iva Šmídová: S genderem na trh. Rozhodování o dalším vzdělávání patnáctiletých. (Linda Sokačová)
Výstupy 2. národní konference o ženách ve vědě. Gender jako sociální inovace: rovné příležitosti v měnícím se vědeckém prostředí (Alice Červinková, Petr Pavlík, Marcela Linková, Hana Tenglerová, Marta Vohlídalová)
Česká věda potřebuje kariérní plánování a genderovou rovnost: Závěrečná zpráva z auditu systému výzkumu, vývoje a inovací v ČR (Marcela Linková)
European Gender summit 2011: quality research and innovation through equality 8.–9. listopadu 2011, Brusel (Hana Tenglerová)
Zpráva z konference Ženy ve slovenském / evropském akademickém a výzkumném prostředí (Kateřina Cidlinská)